Information for Health Professionals 

Services we provide
 
  • Review of pregnancy related issues: a personal or family history of a genetic condition that may put a pregnancy at risk.

  • Assessment of conditions that may have a genetic origin: e.g. infants, children and adults with developmental delay or a possible syndrome diagnosis.

  • Counselling for chromosomal alterations.

  • Predictive testing: for patients who are well but are at risk of inheriting a genetic disorder running in the family e.g. Huntington disease or other inherited neurological conditions. Predictive genetic testing should always be referred to the genetics service for genetic counselling.

  • Assessment of family cancer history to determine the level of risk and whether genetic testing is warranted e.g.personal or family history of breast cancer.

 

Referral process

 

We accept referrals from general practitioners, hospital specialists and self-referrals from members of families who have received a letter from genetic services suggesting a review.

 

All referrals should be made to the geographically appropriate hub through e-mail, fax or local referral systems (Contact us).

 

Referrals are triaged by each hub (Outreach clinics).

 

Referrals will be given an urgent, semi-urgent or standard waiting list allocation and should be seen in next available appointment, within 2 weeks and 4 months respectively. Phone advice is available if a clinician wants to discuss a case before considering making a referral to the service.

 

What happens once a referral has been accepted or declined?

For any referrals that are declined or require further information, referrers will be sent a letter detailing the reasons for this decision.

 

For any accepted referrals, patients may receive a family history questionnaire and/or consent forms prior to their appointment.

 

What should patients expect at an appointment?

Patients will usually have a 30 to 6 minutes appointment with either a clinical geneticist or genetic counsellor, either in person or by phone depending on the assessment required.

 

What should a health professional expect after the appointment?

A clinic letter will be sent out to the patient following their appointment; this letter will be copied to the referrer and other appropriate parties.

 

Additional correspondence will be sent to the appropriate clinicians as necessary.

 

If necessary, follow up appointments will be organised.

 
Will all patients receive an appointment?
Not all patients whose referral is accepted will receive an appointment with the genetic service. To provide advice in an appropriate time frame some patients and health professional will receive a letter from the genetic service outlining our recommendations for the individual and their family.

 

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Common referrals that may be able to be managed without referral to the genetics service
  • Cystic fibrosis screening when there is a family history of CF in a family (link to advice letter)

  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin testing 

  • Haemochromatosis HFE testing

  • Thalassaemia testing 

  • Hyperlipidemia testing  

  • Carrier testing for a recessive condition in a family

  • Initial assessment of Marfan syndrome 

 

Most other genetic tests will require a genetics or subspecialist review.

 

We encourage subspecialists to discuss nonroutine genetic testing with their local genetics service to ensure the most clinically relevant, and cost-effective testing strategy is used.

 

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Genetic testing
 
What genetic testing can GPs order?

Tests for the following conditions can be ordered by GPs:

  • Karyotype

  • Cystic fibrosis common mutation screen

  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin

  • Haemochromatosis HFE testing

  • Thalassaemia molecular testing

  • Factor V Leiden

Most other genetic tests will require a genetics or subspecialist review.

 

What genetic testing can subspecialists order?

We strongly encourage your subspecialists to discuss non-routine testing with their local genetics service to ensure the most clinically relevant, and cost-effective, testing strategy is used.

 

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Cancer: Who to refer?

 

GHSNZ follows the cancer referral guidelines developed by the Australasian EviQ Guidelines Group.

 

A referral to the GHSNZ for hereditary cancer assessment is appropriate when:

 

  • A cancer gene mutation has been found in a blood relative (e.g BRCA1/2, MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, PMS2, APC, CDH1, VHL, or other)

  • There are several close relatives on the same side of the family with the same type of cancer

  • An individual has more than one primary cancer

  • An individual is young  at cancer diagnosis (e.g. breast cancer under 40 years)

  • There are a cluster of cancers that are known to be associated with certain genes (e.g. breast and ovarian cancer and the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes; colorectal and uterine cancer with Lynch syndrome genes) and/or a family history of rare tumours

  • An individual has Jewish ancestry with a family history of cancer

 

Individuals with a strong family history of colorectal cancer or a personal diagnosis under 50 years should be referred to the New Zealand Familial Gastrointestinal  Cancer service (NZFGICS).

 

Possible reasons for an appointment
  • Discussion of the implications of a family history of a familial cancer

  • Pre-symptomatic/predictive genetic testing may be offered if a mutation has been identified in the family

  • Mutation detection genetic testing is offered to patients who meet our eligibility criteria following a clinical review.

 

 

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© 2017 Genetic Health Service NZ.  Disclaimer

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